Medan is the capital of North Sumatra province, Indonesia. The city is the third largest city in Indonesia after Jakarta and Surabaya, as well as the largest city outside of Java. It is the gateway to the western part of Indonesia with the presence of Belawan Port and Kuala Namu International Airport which is the second largest airport in Indonesia. Access from the city center to the port and airport is completed by motorways and trains. Medan is the first city in Indonesia to integrate the airport by train. Bordering the Strait of Malacca makes Medan a very important city of commerce, industry and business in Indonesia.
Medan originated from a village founded by Guru Patimpus at the meeting point of Deli and Babura rivers. The anniversary of Medan was set on July 1, 1590. Subsequently in 1632, Medan became the central government of Deli Sultanate, a Malay kingdom. The Europeans began to discover Medan since the arrival of John Anderson of England in 1823. Civilization in Medan continued to grow until the Dutch East Indies government gave the status of the city and made it the seat of East Sumatra Residency. Entering the 20th century, Medan became an important city outside Java, especially after the colonial government opened a large plantation company.
Medan is a multiethnic city where the population consists of people with different cultural and religious backgrounds. In addition to Malay as its early inhabitants, Medan is dominated by Javanese, Batak, Tionghoa, Mandailing, and India. The majority of the population of Medan work in the trade sector, so that many found in various ruko corner of the city. In addition to the provincial government offices, there are also consulate offices in Medan, including the United States, Japan, Malaysia and Germany. (source : Wikipedia